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5.4.2 Ensure system accounts are non-login (Scored)

Level 1 - Server
Level 1 - Workstation 

There are a number of accounts provided with Ubuntu that are used to manage applications and are not intended to provide an interactive shell.

It is important to make sure that accounts that are not being used by regular users are prevented from being used to provide an interactive shell. By default, Ubuntu sets the password field for these accounts to an invalid string, but it is also recommended that the shell field in the password file be set to /sbin/nologin. This prevents the account from potentially being used to run any commands.

Run the following script and verify no results are returned:

egrep -v "^\+" /etc/passwd | awk -F: '($1!="root" && $1!="sync" && $1!="shutdown" && $1!="halt" && $3<1000 && $7!="/usr/sbin/nologin" && $7!="/bin/false") {print}' 

Set the shell for any accounts returned by the audit script to /usr/sbin/nologin:

# usermod -s /usr/sbin/nologin <user>

The following script will automatically set all user shells required to /usr/sbin/nologin and lock the sync, shutdown, and halt users:

#!/bin/bash 
for user in `awk -F: '($3 < 1000) {print $1 }' /etc/passwd`; do 
if [ $user != "root" ]; then
 usermod -L $user 
if [ $user != "sync" ] && [ $user != "shutdown" ] && [ $user != "halt" ]; then
 usermod -s /usr/sbin/nologin $user 
fi 
fi 
done